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Electricity in Jamaica in 2022

Global Ranking: #146
13.5% #146 Low-carbon electricity
40.01 % #80 Electrification
185.30 watts #135 Generation / person
475.97 gCO2eq/kWh #128 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Jamaica's electricity consumption was mainly driven by fossil energy, with fossil fuels contributing nearly 4 TWh and gas adding another 2.7 TWh. Combined, these sources accounted for more than half of Jamaica's total electricity generation. By contrast, the contribution from low-carbon energy sources was close to none. Comparing this with the global average of 425 watts per person, Jamaica's rate is significantly lower, impacting the country's development. Low electricity generation can hinder progress in sectors such as education, healthcare, and industrial growth, further perpetuating economic and social challenges.


To address this, Jamaica can significantly increase its low-carbon electricity generation by looking at successful models around the world. The People's Republic of China and the United States lead in wind and solar power, generating 886 TWh and 238 TWh of wind and solar electricity, respectively. By adopting similar strategies, Jamaica can leverage its abundant sunlight for solar energy and its coastal winds for wind energy. Additionally, countries like France and Brazil demonstrate the viability of nuclear and wind energy, with France generating 336 TWh from nuclear and Brazil harnessing 96 TWh from wind. These examples show that a diversified approach, relying on clean, sustainable energy sources, can substantially boost Jamaica's low-carbon electricity generation.


Historically, Jamaica's journey in low-carbon electricity began in the early 1970s with small increments in biofuels and hydro energy. In 1973, biofuels contributed an additional 0.1 TWh, though this was inconsistently followed by slight increases and decreases over the next few decades. The introduction of wind energy is relatively recent, with its first appearance in 2011 and a modest increase of 0.1 TWh in 2016. While these contributions have been minimal, Jamaica's potential for scaling up the deployment of clean energy sources such as wind and solar remains substantial. Investing in these technologies can help the island nation reduce its dependence on fossil fuels and contribute to global efforts to combat climate change and reduce air pollution.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1971 to 1989 the data source is World Bank.
For the years 1990 to 1993 the data source is IEA.
For the year 1994 the data source is EIA.
For the year 1995 the data source is IEA.
For the years 1996 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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