LowCarbonPower logo
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)

Electricity in Niger in 2021

Global Ranking: #186
3.1% #173 Low-carbon electricity
7.28 watts #206 Generation / person
468.18 gCO2eq/kWh #120 Carbon Intensity

In Niger, the current state of electricity consumption is substantially lower than the global average, which is 410 watts per person. The country relies heavily on net imports to meet its electricity demands, importing approximately 1.16 TWh in 2021. This means the internal low-carbon electricity generation is close to none, reflecting an energy sector that is highly dependent on fossil fuels. This not only contributes towards carbon emissions but also exposes Niger to the vagaries of international fossil fuel markets. Moreover, the low levels of electricity generation could result in inadequate accessibility to electricity for the populace, hampering economic growth and development.


From a global perspective, there are several ways Niger can improve its low-carbon electricity generation. Taking cues from successful strategies implemented in countries with similar environmental conditions, tapping into wind and solar energy might be viable options. For instance, India, a nation that shares a hot, mostly arid climate with Niger, has generated substantial electricity through solar energy with an output of 120 TWh. Similarly, Brazil has made effective use of wind energy to produce 94 TWh of electricity. By investing in and expanding infrastructure for solar and wind energy, Niger could significantly boost its low-carbon electricity generation and reduce its reliance on volatile fossil fuel markets.


The history of low-carbon electricity generation in Niger is marred by an overall lack of progress. Solar energy, the country's primary low-carbon source, has seen no growth since at least 2005. Year upon year, from 2005 to 2021, the generation of solar electricity has remained at 0 TWh. This lack of progress suggests a significant oversight in tapping into Niger's enormous solar potential, given its geographical location along the Sun Belt. Consequently, the nation's solar energy sector continues its stagnation, rendering it highly dependent on fossil fuels and imported electricity for meeting its energy needs.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data sources are EIA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2011 the data source is IEA.
For the year 2012 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2013 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)