From the given data, Jordan's electricity generation in 2021 could be broken down into fossil, gas, and low-carbon energy. The largest chunk of Jordan's electricity generation was from fossil and gas sources, with these totaling to about 32 TWh. The low-carbon energy, on the other hand, comprised solar, wind, and other sources within that classification. It was significantly lower in comparison, only totaling to about 5 TWh. When compared to the global average of electricity consumption, which stands at 410 watts per person, Jordan's levels reside significantly below this marker, potentially indicating a less industrialized economy. Such low levels of electricity generation could mean fewer opportunities for industrial and economic growth, with the potential consequence of limiting improvements in the overall quality of life for its population.
Looking to solutions, Jordan could significantly improve its low-carbon electricity generation by expanding its existing solar and wind energy sectors. Countries that Jordan could look toward for inspiration include China and India, both of which energetically utilize wind and solar power, generating 941 TWh and 119 TWh respectively. These countries, similar to Jordan in terms of geographic landscape and climatic conditions, are successful testaments to the immense untapped potential of solar and wind energy. By aggressively investing in these areas, Jordan could potentially follow suit, paving the path to a cleaner and more sustainable future.
Examining the history of low-carbon electricity generation in Jordan, milestones started to appear in 2015 with initial investments in wind, biofuels, and solar technologies. These sectors saw gradual growth through 2016 and 2017 with small increases, mainly in solar and wind energy. The solar sector then experienced more significant jumps, expanding by 0.5 TWh in 2018 and 0.6 TWh in 2019. The wind energy sector, too, saw a noticeable growth year on year. Interestingly, hydro energy remained constant throughout the given period, indicating the country's primary focus on solar and wind energies for a green future. This growth in low-carbon energy sources hints at Jordan's resolute progression towards a more sustainable future.