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Electricity in Guyana in 2021

Global Ranking: #134
13.0% #145 Low-carbon electricity
174.52 watts #137 Generation / person
598.21 gCO2eq/kWh #174 Carbon Intensity

As of 2021, all of Guyana's electricity consumption, a total of 1.07 TWh, is derived from fossil fuels. This places it significantly lower than the global average electricity consumption of 410 watts per person. This low level of electricity generation, solely from carbon-intensive sources, does not only mean that Guyana is creating a higher carbon footprint per unit of electricity consumed, it also implies that there could be problems associated with energy access, reliability, and costs, acting as a bottleneck for economic growth and development.


Looking at international examples for boosting low-carbon electricity generation, Guyana can learn from countries with similar environmental characteristics. For instance, Brazil, a fellow South American nation with vast rainforests and long coastlines like Guyana, has been successful in harnessing wind power, generating 94 TWh. Another great example is Vietnam, which despite its humble size, has managed to generate 26 TWh and 11 TWh from solar and wind power respectively. These examples provide Guyana with an inclination towards harnessing wind and solar energy for low-carbon, reliable, and scalable power generation.


The history of low-carbon electricity in Guyana is quite sparse, with only slight developments in biofuels. Its first foray into low-carbon energy surfaced in the year 2000 with a modest 0.1 TWh coming from biofuels. This number remained constant or at zero for the subsequent 21 years, with an insignificant introduction of solar energy in 2018. Throughout the years, there are almost no significant increases, let alone declines, in the generation of low-carbon electricity. This lack of progress in developing low-carbon energy sources paints a strong case for Guyana to ramp up its efforts in expanding cleaner and more sustainable energy methods like nuclear, wind, and solar in the future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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