LowCarbonPower logo
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)

Electricity in Czechia in 2023

Global Ranking: #20
57.3% #60 Low-carbon electricity
792.18 watts #35 Generation / person
351.22 gCO2eq/kWh #79 Carbon Intensity

As of 2023, more than half of electricity consumption in Czechia comes from low-carbon energy sources. The most substantial contributor to this is nuclear power, providing almost 40% of electricity. Other low-carbon sources include hydroelectricity at nearly 7%, solar just below 4%, and biofuels contributing around 3%. In contrast, fossil fuels account for almost 42% of the electricity consumed, with coal being the primary source at slightly above 37% and gas at just above 4%.


To boost its low-carbon electricity generation, Czechia might look to expand its nuclear energy plants, a strategy used successfully in other European countries. For example, France gets two-thirds of its electricity from nuclear energy, Switzerland half, and nearby Slovakia more than 60%. These examples illustrate how an expansion of nuclear power would augment Czechia's low-carbon electricity supply significantly. This increase is not exclusive to nuclear - Czechia can also explore wind energy. Denmark, Germany, and the United Kingdom have shown commendable advances in this area with wind energy contributing between 30% to almost 60% of their electricity production.


Tracing back the history of low-carbon electricity in Czechia, significant strides have been made since the mid-1980s. Nuclear power grew steadily from 3.8 TWh in 1986 to 7.1 TWh in 2003. However, this steady rise was not devoid of setbacks. For instance, in 2005, the country experienced a 1.6 TWh reduction in nuclear energy production, and the downturn worsened over the past decade with a 3.5 TWh and 2.7 TWh decrease in 2015 and 2016 respectively. Despite these challenges, nuclear energy saw a rebound with 4.2 TWh in 2017 and 1.6 TWh in 2018. Other low-carbon sources also experienced growth and decline over the years. Hydro power, for instance, had a decreased output in 2003 and 2020 but surged in 2023. Biofuels unfortunately, noted a dip in 2023. These fluctuations specify both the challenges and achievements of Czechia’s low-carbon electricity journey.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Maximum Imports

Data Sources

For the years 1985 to 1989 the data sources are Energy Institute and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 2017 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2018 to 2019 the data sources are IEA and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 2020 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2023 the data source is ENTSOE.
Instagram Facebook X (Twitter)