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Electricity in Bahrain in 2022

Global Ranking: #186
0.0% #196 Low-carbon electricity
2775.74 watts #3 Generation / person
489.80 gCO2eq/kWh #136 Carbon Intensity

In 2022, Bahrain's electricity generation was overwhelmingly dependent on fossil fuels, specifically gas, which made up close to 100% of its energy mix. That is to say, almost the entirety of Bahrain's electricity came from fossil gas, leaving close to none from low-carbon or clean energy sources. This near-total reliance on fossil fuels contributes to significant greenhouse gas emissions, which is a concern given the global push towards reducing carbon footprints to combat climate change.


To transition to a greener and more sustainable electricity generation system, Bahrain can learn valuable lessons from countries that have successfully shifted a significant portion of their electricity production to low-carbon sources. Similar-sized nations like Slovakia and Armenia have managed to generate more than 60% and 30% of their electricity from nuclear energy, respectively, demonstrating that even smaller countries can achieve substantial gains in clean energy through nuclear power. Additionally, countries with geographic and climatic similarities such as Jordan, which generates 15% of its electricity from solar power, provide a model for harnessing solar energy effectively. Emulating these strategies could help Bahrain rapidly scale its low-carbon electricity generation.


Historically, Bahrain has seen no significant changes in low-carbon electricity generation in recent years. From 2016 to 2022, the contribution of solar energy remained stagnant at zero TWh each year. This indicates that, despite the potential for solar energy in a country with abundant sunshine, there has been little to no progress in developing this sector. Moving forward, a strategic investment in both nuclear and solar energy could be imperative for Bahrain to diversify its electricity mix and reduce its dependency on fossil fuels.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2007 the data source is Ember.
For the year 2008 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2009 to 2012 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2013 to 2014 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2015 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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