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Electricity in Burundi in 2022

Global Ranking: #168
54.3% #64 Low-carbon electricity
4.18 watts #209 Generation / person
266.35 gCO2eq/kWh #59 Carbon Intensity

Currently, the state of electricity consumption in Burundi is significantly lower than the global average. Burundi has a nominal capacity, which means close to none electricity is being generated. Contrast this with the global average of 410 watts per person, and the impact is stark. It means limited access to basic amenities for citizens, crippled industrial growth and higher reliance on fossil fuels, which are detrimental to the environment. The low-level of electricity generation also hinders technological innovations and advancements, further diluting Burundi's global competitiveness.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Burundi could take cues from similar countries that have made leaps in this area. An exemplary model comes from Brazil, which has significantly ramped up its wind (94 TWh) and solar (49 TWh) energy production, thereby setting a benchmark for low-carbon electricity generation. Furthermore, Vietnam's success with solar power, generating 27 TWh, is another feasible model for Burundi. Given these models, the expansion of wind and solar energy infrastructure could be beneficial. Also, it would be beneficial to consider the establishment of nuclear power plants since they are a substantial source of low-carbon energy demonstrated by countries like the United States (775 TWh) and France (319 TWh).


Historically, the focus on low-carbon electricity in Burundi has been quite static. The data shows that for over two decades, from 1991 to 2012, hydroelectricity remained the sole source of low-carbon energy, which unfortunately did not register any significant rise in generation levels. It was only in 2013 when any variation occurred with the introduction of biofuels into the mix but with no increase in energy generation. This trend continued with the introduction of solar energy in 2016. A minimal increase by 0.1 TWh in hydroelectricity generation was observed in 2019, signifying the first and only increase in low-carbon electricity production in Burundi's history. Even though it's a start, the improvement trends for low-carbon energy do not paint a hopeful picture for Burundi.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1988 to 1989 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data sources are EIA and Enerdata (imports/exports).
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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