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Electricity in Paraguay in 2021

Global Ranking: #11
99.8% #7 Low-carbon electricity
681.48 watts #46 Generation / person
25.41 gCO2eq/kWh #6 Carbon Intensity

In a noteworthy accomplishment, Paraguay already sources a staggering 99.83% of its electricity from low-carbon means, with hydropower contributing to almost all of it (99.68%). It is notable for having a nearly greenhouse emission-free electricity sector. As a significant net exporter of electricity, Paraguay also helps neighboring countries lower their dependence on high-carbon sources, further contributing to the global shift towards clean energy. However, challenges remain as sectors like transport, heating, and industry still need to be electrified, requiring a surge in electricity generation.


Paraguay can enhance its low-carbon electricity generation by exploring other potential low-carbon resources, in addition to its dominant hydropower sector. Although Paraguay is blessed with substantial hydro resources, the fluctuating nature of water availability due to seasonal changes can potentially affect energy reliability. Therefore, diversifying low-carbon energy sources to include solar, wind, and nuclear can aid in mitigating these inherent vulnerabilities, supplement power generation during unfavorable hydro conditions, while also meeting the increasing electricity demand for electrifying other sectors.


Tracing back the history of low-carbon electricity in Paraguay, it's apparent that hydropower significantly expanded during the late 1980's and 1990's, showing steady growth with an increase in electricity generation each year, often by a few terawatt-hours (TWh). Apart from a few minor setbacks such as in 2001 and 2014 when hydropower generation declined by 8.1 TWh and 5.1 TWh, the hydro sector showed a strong performance. However, the last few years, specifically 2017, 2019, and 2021, have witnessed a dip in hydro output. This accentuates the need to diversify to other low-carbon sources, ensuring the country's power system remains resilient to any potential setbacks in the future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1971 to 1972 the data source is World Bank.
For the years 1973 to 1989 the data sources are World Bank and IEA (imports/exports).
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2009 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2010 to 2012 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2013 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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