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Electricity in Gabon in 2021

Global Ranking: #101
35.9% #96 Low-carbon electricity
138.48 watts #145 Generation / person
384.70 gCO2eq/kWh #90 Carbon Intensity

Gabon's electricity consumption data for 2021 shows a significant reliance on fossil energy. The country generated around 1.27 TWh from fossil fuels, which is almost equal to the combined production of 1.02 TWh from low-carbon energy and 1 TWh from hydropower energy. However, comparing Gabon's total electricity use to the global average of 410 watts per person can be concerning. While this data doesn't provide per capita ratios, it is evident that Gabon's total power production is oriented heavily towards the polluting fossil sector. Persistent reliance on such energy sources can indeed lead to increasing greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to global climate changes. Also, a wider gap between power production and consumption might hint at limited access to electricity, which holds back socio-economic opportunities and diminishes the quality of life.


In order to shift towards more sustainable electricity production, Gabon can draw lessons from countries that have successfully incorporated low-carbon technologies into their energy structure. Brazil's notable achievement in generating 94 TWh from wind shows the potential of harnessing this naturally abundant resource, especially considering the nation's geographic similarities to Gabon. Boosting hydropower generation, similar to Canada's 81 TWh nuclear capacity, could prove prudent considering Gabon's abundant water resources. Additionally, taking note of Australia's successful implementation of solar energy, creating 41 TWh, can help Gabon in identifying another viable low-carbon alternative, given its favorable equatorial climate.


Gabon's historical data reveals the long-standing prominence of hydropower in the nation's low-carbon energy generation. In the early 1980s, hydroelectric generation saw gradual growth, with an increase of 0.1 TWh almost every year until 1985. However, the pace of growth slows down remarkably in the mid-1990s, and by the early 2000s, the development seems to have plateaued, experiencing minor fluctuations of 0.1 TWh increase and decrease. This inconsistency extended into the first decades of the 21st century with intermittent lulls and minor surges in hydroelectricity production. Despite hydropower's potential as a sustainable energy source, these regular oscillations hint at possibly inconsistent investment or lack of infrastructural development. Thus, looking ahead, the history of low-carbon electricity in Gabon showcases the potential and challenges in expanding hydropower and potentially opening doors to the inclusion of other low-carbon sources, such as nuclear, wind, and solar energy.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1990 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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