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Electricity in Chad in 2021

Global Ranking: #190
3.2% #172 Low-carbon electricity
2.06 watts #213 Generation / person
634.23 gCO2eq/kWh #185 Carbon Intensity

In 2021, Chad's electricity consumption was notably low compared to global averages. Despite progress in other regions, Chad remained mostly dependent on fossil energy sources, with limited contribution from low-carbon electricity sources. Specifically, there was virtually no contribution from biofuels, wind, or solar. The country's per capita energy consumption was substantially lower than the global average of 410 watts per person. The reasons behind this are complex and multifaceted, however, one clear effect of this deficiency is it hinders the country's development, hampers socio-economic growth, and weakens healthcare and education systems, all which require reliable electricity access.


To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Chad can draw lessons from other countries successfully using low-carbon energy types. Notably, it should focus on expanding wind and solar power, considering the country's geographical location and climatic conditions. For instance, the People's Republic of China and the United States lead the way in wind and solar electricity generation, so strategies applied in these countries may be beneficial for Chad. In addition, adapting strategies from countries with similar characteristics to Chad may yield valuable insights. Mexico and Brazil's focus on wind, and Chile and South Africa's investment in solar could serve as notable examples to follow.


Looking at Chad's low-carbon energy history, it is clear that the progress has been slow. In the two decades since 2001, the country has barely tapped into its potential for generating electricity from low-carbon sources. Biofuels production remained static from 2001 to 2011, illustrating a lack of development or evolution in this sector. Similarly, there was no change in wind energy generation from 2016 to 2021. It appears that Chad has yet to fully embrace the transition to a low-carbon future, a trend which is concerning given the urgent need for clean, sustainable energy sources domestically and globally.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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