LowCarbonPower logo

Electricity in Chad in 2021

Global Ranking: #158
3.2% #172 Low-carbon electricity
2.06 watts #213 Generation / person
634.23 gCO2eq/kWh #186 Carbon Intensity
None Electricity imports

Chad's electricity consumption remains significantly low compared to the global average, standing at around 2.06 watts per person as compared to 412 watts per person globally. Fossil energy accounts for around 1.99 watts and low-carbon energy is practically nonexistent, registering as only 0.07 watts, almost all of which is from wind energy. What's notable is the absence of nuclear or solar energy sources which contribute to clean, sustainable electricity. Considering that global energy trends increasingly favor low-carbon energy, Chad's heavy reliance on fossil fuels might limit its potential for sustainable growth and environmental responsibility. Furthermore, the country neither imports nor exports electricity, which further restricts expansion and diversification of its energy sources.


To increase clean electricity generation, Chad can learn from countries that have successfully harnessed and invested in low-carbon energy sources. For example, Chad could more effectively utilize wind energy, similar to Denmark and Sweden, where per person production is 369 and 363 watts respectively, which is stark contrast to Chad's 0.07 watts. Furthermore, considering Chad's environmental conditions, solar energy could be an untapped potential, like in Australia, which generates up to 147 watts/person. Nuclear energy is another viable option, given its capacity for high outputs as seen in countries like Sweden, France, and Finland, where per person production ranges from 517 to 559 watts. Investments in building infrastructure to harness these alternative, low-carbon energy sources could drastically change Chad's clean energy landscape.


Looking at the history of low-carbon electricity in Chad, it does not paint an encouraging picture. A review of the past two decades reveals almost no attempt at harnessing biofuel or wind energy. Even though data from the early 2000s indicate a brief interest in biofuels, there seems to have been no follow-through since that time. More recently, although records between 2016 and 2021 point towards attempts at wind energy production, actual generation again stands at zero. The lack of growth in these sectors may be due to various reasons, including but not limited to, investment difficulties, lack of appropriate infrastructure, and perhaps a lack of comprehensive government energy policies or plans. It's clear that Chad needs a more defined trajectory for substantial growth in clean, green electricity generation for the future.

Data Sources

The data source is Ember.