Based on 2021 data, the amount of electricity consumed in Macao SAR China comes mostly from net energy imports, accounting for a staggering nearly 90% of total consumption. Unfortunately, only a small portion of the region's electricity, roughly 10%, comes from fossil fuels, with natural gas being the primary source. Currently, in Macao SAR China, low-carbon energy sources play a minimal role in the region's electricity makeup.
In order to increase its share of low-carbon electricity, Macao SAR China can take cues from several countries that have already made considerable strides in this area. For instance, France and Slovakia are clear leaders in nuclear energy, producing 66% and 61% of their electricity from nuclear power respectively. Denmark, on the other hand, invests heavily in wind power, generating an impressive 59% of its electricity. These examples, show that with the right infrastructure and investment, it is possible for Macao SAR China to substantially increase its low-carbon electricity generation, which will both reduce its dependence on imports and contribute to global carbon reduction goals.
Regarding the history of low-carbon electricity in Macao SAR China, unfortunately, we do not have precise data available to describe the evolution over the years. But in view of the current situation, it's clear that low-carbon energy has failed to make a significant impact in Macao SAR China's electricity infrastructure. Regardless, given the current global inclination towards low-carbon energy solutions manifested in the examples discussed above, it is never too late for Macao SAR China to embrace clean and sustainable energy for its power generation, fundamentally changing the landscape of its power sector.