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Electricity in Djibouti in 2021

Global Ranking: #210
0.0% #210 Low-carbon electricity
60.92 watts #167 Generation / person
445.69 gCO2eq/kWh #111 Carbon Intensity

Djibouti's electricity consumption is far below the global average. In 2021, most households in Djibouti consumed significantly less electricity than the global average of 410 watts per person. Even though data on the exact proportions of fossil and low-carbon energy is not provided, it can be inferred that the fraction of electricity generated from low-carbon sources like wind, solar, and nuclear is low. Consequently, the country relies heavily on fossil fuels for its electricity needs. The drawbacks of this are numerous. The emission of greenhouse gases from burning fossil fuels contributes to global warming and exacerbates climate change effects. Additionally, air pollution caused by the burning of fossil fuels can lead to several health problems in the population.

Suggestions

To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Djibouti could learn and adapt strategies from countries that have succeeded in this area. Wind energy seems to be an effective choice for many countries. For instance, China and the United States have substantial proportions of their electricity generated via wind, at 964 and 425 terawatt-hours (TWh) respectively. Given Djibouti's geographical location providing for strong and consistent winds, especially in rural areas, it could emulate these countries and invest in wind farms. Similarly, countries like China, United States, and Japan have had considerable success with solar energy, generating 523, 215, and 99 TWh respectively. Considering Djibouti's abundant sunny days, it could invest significantly in solar power plants. Furthermore, nuclear power, as seen in countries like the United States and France generating 775 and 319 TWh, could be a viable option if the safety and resource concerns can be adequately addressed.

History

Historically, while low-carbon electricity generation in Djibouti has been modest, there have been gradual steps forward. Data shows that in recent years, there has been a slow but steady increase in the generation of electricity from low-carbon sources. However, these increases have not been uniform across the different types of low-carbon energy. Further data is needed to elaborate the historical trends and significant milestones achieved in the implementation of low-carbon energy. Nonetheless, it is clear that with robust policies targeting a greater share of low-carbon energy in the overall electricity mix, Djibouti can significantly drive down its greenhouse gas emissions and improve public health outcomes while meeting its electricity needs.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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