Djibouti presently ranks significantly lower in terms of personal electricity consumption, with its total standing at roughly 61 watts per person in the year 2021, in contrast to the global average which stands at 412 watts per person. A meager 10% of the total, an average of approximately 6 watts, is produced from fossil fuels, placing the lion's share on low-carbon energy sources. This level of electricity generation, significantly lower than the global average, poses numerous implications, including potential limitations in the nation's ability to support robust industrial activities, foster technological innovation, and enhance the overall standard of living. The data also reveals that nearly 90% of Djibouti's electricity consumption relies on imports, exposing the country's considerable energy dependence on external sources.
As for low-carbon electricity generation in Djibouti, the country may take inspiration from certain nations utilizing similar energy sources effectively. Countries similar to Djibouti, such as Uruguay and Jordan, for example, have succeeded in utilizing wind and solar energy. Uruguay generates an impressive 160 watts per person from wind, and Jordan, though lesser, effectively harvests solar power to the tune of 36 watts per person. Notably, harnessing nuclear energy can result in far higher productivity, demonstrated by Sweden, France, and Finland, all of which generate over 500 watts per person from nuclear energy. Admittedly, the development of nuclear plants necessitates substantial investment and expertise. However, the high output and low-carbon nature of nuclear power imply enormous potential benefits for countries able to successfully implement it.
Unfortunately, the historical data necessary to draft a critical chronicle of Djibouti's low-carbon electricity evolution is unavailable due to operational constraints. However, knowledge of prior successes and failures in employing low-carbon energy sources remains vital to devising sophisticated energy strategies for the future. With reference to significant decreases in nuclear energy production elsewhere, such downturns should be met with acute scrutiny, given the high productivity and low environmental impact associated with nuclear energy.