In 2021, electricity consumption in Comoros was notably low compared to global standards. The average electricity consumed per person was just under 20 watts, all of which was generated through fossil fuels. This figure is starkly less than the global average consumption rate of 412 watts per person, suggesting that Comoros' economic development and the quality of life of its residents may be adversely impacted. Lack of access to electricity could hinder various sectors such as agriculture, industry, health and education, stifling economic growth and human development. Furthermore, the reliance purely on fossil fuel energy suggests a high level of carbon emissions, impacting air quality and contributing to climate change. It is also worth noting that Comoros neither imports nor exports electricity to and from other countries.
One key way to increase low-carbon electricity generation in Comoros would be to start integrating nuclear, wind, or solar energy into their energy mix. Comoros could look to the success of countries like Sweden, France, and Finland, which generate more than 500 watts per person from nuclear energy. Alternatively, wind energy is also seeing thriving success in Denmark and Sweden, generating over 360 and 300 watts per person respectively. Finally, solar energy, as employed in Australia, holds potential too with more than 140 watts per person. However, it’s necessary to consider geographical and economic similarities when learning from these countries. Given Comoros geographical location and climatic conditions, wind and solar energy might be more feasible options as opposed to nuclear energy.
Unfortunately, historical data related to the generation of low-carbon electricity in Comoros is currently absent. As such, it is difficult to map a trajectory of Comoros’ past efforts in shifting towards a cleaner and greener electricity generation. However, this absence of data also underscores the urgency and need for integration of low-carbon electricity sources such as nuclear, wind, and solar energy in Comoros. The country's energy policy must urgently focus on these sources to significantly reduce reliance on fossil fuels while ensuring a consistent and growing supply of electricity for its residents going forward.