Based on the 2021 data, St. Vincent & Grenadines has a significantly lower electricity consumption per person compared to the global average of 410 watts. This low level of electricity generation could impact the country's ability to support advanced technologies and industries, limiting economic growth. Although we lack specific data, given the global trends, it is likely that a considerable portion of electricity in St. Vincent & Grenadines is derived from fossil fuels. Such patterns of energy consumption could increase the country's carbon footprint and contribute to global climate change.
For St. Vincent & Grenadines to increase its low-carbon electricity generation, it could draw inspiration from countries with similar conditions. For instance, Brazil and Mexico have made commendable progress in wind power generation, with Brazil generating 94 terawatt-hours (TWh) of wind energy and Mexico generating 21 TWh. Considering the geographical position and climatic conditions of St. Vincent & Grenadines, a focus on wind energy could be beneficial. Solar energy is another viable option. Countries like Brazil and India have successfully harnessed solar energy generating 50 and 119 TWh respectively. With St. Vincent & Grenadines' tropical climate, ample sunlight could be leveraged to produce solar electricity.
The history of low-carbon electricity in St. Vincent & Grenadines, characterized by hydroelectric power, has been rather stagnant. Starting from 2001 until 2020, the generation of electricity from hydro power has not changed. This stagnation reflects the lack of infrastructural and policy-driven changes to harness the potential of this aspect of clean energy. Such a trend is concerning, demonstrating an overlooked opportunity for sustainable energy development. Better utilization of its hydro resources coupled with decisive strides towards additional clean energy sources like wind and solar can propel St. Vincent & Grenadines towards a greener future.