As of 2021, American Samoa's electricity production is entirely dependent on fossil fuels. This means that 100% of the electricity consumed in this region comes from sources that emit a significant amount of carbon, contributing to air pollution and climate change in the region and beyond. This level of reliance on fossil fuels is not sustainable considering the harmful environmental effects associated with them.
The way forward for American Samoa, in terms of sustainable electricity production, lies in transitioning from fossil-based electricity generation to low-carbon energy sources. Examples of such strategies can be seen in a variety of countries worldwide. For instance, France generates about two-thirds of its electricity from nuclear power. Similarly, countries like Denmark and Uruguay generate over 40% of their electricity from wind. Although American Samoa might have unique challenges due to its geography and size, these examples show that it is possible to generate a significant portion of a country's electricity from low-carbon sources. Potential strategies could include investing in wind or solar power, which are particularly suited to island contexts.
Unfortunately, there is no recorded history of any significant low-carbon electricity generation in American Samoa as of the latest available data. It is clear, therefore, that there is an urgent need for action to change the current state of electricity generation in the region. For this reason, it is important to learn from the progress other countries have made in this area, such as the impressive levels of nuclear power in France and Slovakia, wind energy in Denmark, and solar energy in Chile and Australia. Looking towards these successful examples will be crucial in developing future energy strategies for American Samoa.