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Electricity in São Tomé & Príncipe in 2022

Global Ranking: #171
7.1% #160 Low-carbon electricity
71.63 watts #167 Generation / person
609.93 gCO2eq/kWh #175 Carbon Intensity

As of 2022, the electricity consumption in São Tomé & Príncipe relies entirely on low-carbon energy sources, specifically hydroelectric power. However, the total electricity consumption per person remains very low in comparison to the global average. While the world average stands at approximately 432 watts per person, São Tomé & Príncipe's figures are close to none. This low level of electricity generation can significantly affect the country's development, hindering factors such as healthcare, education, and economic growth, which are crucial for improving the quality of life and overall sustainability. With limited electricity, pursuing technological advancements and industrial activities becomes more challenging, contributing to slower socio-economic progress.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, São Tomé & Príncipe can focus on diversifying their clean energy portfolio beyond hydroelectric power. By looking to successful countries, they can learn valuable lessons. For instance, Brazil and India have made substantial strides in both wind and solar energy, generating significant amounts of electricity from these sources (96 TWh and 113 TWh from wind, respectively). The experiences of these countries highlight the feasibility and benefits of adopting wind and solar technologies. Additionally, nuclear energy presents another viable solution for stable and substantial electricity generation, as evidenced by countries like France, the United States, and South Korea. Considerations and investments in nuclear power can offer São Tomé & Príncipe a reliable and large-scale source of low-carbon electricity, essential for meeting growing energy demands.


The history of low-carbon electricity in São Tomé & Príncipe, which relies solely on hydroelectric power, shows a consistent pattern of zero growth from 2002 to 2022. During this period, there have been no fluctuations or increases in hydroelectric power generation, indicating a stagnation in expanding the existing clean energy infrastructure. Without advancements or diversification into other low-carbon sources like wind, solar, or nuclear, the country has remained limited in its electricity capabilities. Addressing this stagnation is crucial for meeting future energy needs and fostering sustainable development. Utilizing lessons from global clean energy leaders can catalyze the necessary changes to build a robust, low-carbon electricity infrastructure in São Tomé & Príncipe.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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