As of 2009, Western Sahara's electricity consumption remains significantly lower than the global average. The global average should be around 410 watts per person, yet in Western Sahara, this average is not being achieved. This disparity is primarily due to the country's heavy reliance on fossil fuel for energy generation, resulting in lower levels of electricity output than in regions with more diversified energy supplies. With a low production of electricity, major areas of development such as technology, healthcare, and education may find themselves stifled, constructing significant barriers to economic growth and development within the region.
To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Western Sahara can look to countries with similar geographic and climatic conditions for inspiration. For instance, regions with high sun exposure, such as the People's Republic of China and India, have generated substantiated electricity with solar power, constituting 531 TWh and 119 TWh respectively in 2009. Moreover, Spain and Brazil, both arid and wind-rich nations akin to Western Sahara, have successfully harnessed wind energy to a notable level of 61 TWh and 94 TWh. By ramping up investment in wind and solar energy technologies, Western Sahara can leap towards a more sustainable and diversified energy landscape.
The data regarding the history of low-carbon electricity in Western Sahara is yet to be provided, and without that, a complete historical overview cannot be encapsulated. A proper historical context is vital to understand how we arrived at the current state and gauge the progress made over the years – or lack thereof – in low-carbon electricity in Western Sahara.