In 2009, Western Sahara recorded an electricity consumption of 25.82 watts/person, all sourced from fossil fuels. This stands significantly behind the global average of 412 watts/person. Such a disparity in energy use can have profound implications, among them reduced economic productivity and hampered access to basic services such as healthcare and education. It is worth noting that Western Sahara neither import nor export any electricity from or to other nations, indicating a reliance on domestic energy sources which are primarily non-sustainable in nature.
To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Western Sahara could turn to other nations' energy models. Notable examples include the nuclear-oriented approaches of Sweden, France, and Finland, producing 559, 526, and 517 watts/person respectively. While harnessing nuclear energy may require substantial initial capital, it presents a clean and efficient energy source with immense long-term benefits. In addition to nuclear power, Western Sahara could also explore harnessing wind energy, much like Denmark and Sweden who respectively generate 369 and 363 watts/person. Given Western Sahara's geographical position and climate, a combination of nuclear and wind power may prove the most effective strategy towards improved electricity generation.
Sadly, no data is available on the progression of low-carbon electricity in Western Sahara, making it hard to chart historical trends. However, the present state of energy in Western Sahara underscores an urgent need for transformation towards sustainable energy sources as well as the implementation of renewable energy infrastructures. Despite the lack of historical data on Western Sahara's progress, the global trend toward sustainable energy sources provides an optimistic outlook for the nation. Western Sahara can draw inspiration not only from countries with highly developed energy sectors but also from developing regions making strides in sustainable energy use. With careful planning and strategic investment, Western Sahara can begin its journey towards effective and sustainable electricity generation.