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Electricity in Central African Republic in 2022

Global Ranking: #105
100.0% #2 Low-carbon electricity
3.14 watts #210 Generation / person
24.00 gCO2eq/kWh #1 Carbon Intensity

As of 2022, electricity consumption in the Central African Republic (CAR) is strikingly low. The country generates and consumes close to no electricity per person compared to the global average of 432 watts per person. Almost all of this minimal electricity generation comes from fossil fuels, with low-carbon energy sources like hydro making up a negligible portion. This severe lack of electricity hampers economic development, limits access to modern healthcare and education, and generally reduces quality of life. Additionally, heavy reliance on fossil fuels contributes to air pollution and exacerbates climate change.


To improve its electricity generation, CAR can look into increasing its use of low-carbon energy sources such as solar, wind, and nuclear. Countries like India have successfully implemented large-scale solar and wind projects, generating significant amounts of clean electricity—113 TWh from solar and 82 TWh from wind. Brazil's focus on wind energy, with generation of 96 TWh, also sets a valuable example. Moreover, the development of nuclear energy in countries like France (336 TWh), India (48 TWh), and South Korea (180 TWh) illustrates the substantial potential nuclear energy holds for providing a stable, low-carbon electricity supply. CAR should consider these models and explore international partnerships and investments to establish robust solar, wind, and nuclear energy infrastructure.


Historically, CAR's low-carbon electricity generation has been stagnant. The only recorded data shows a minimal increase in hydroelectric generation of 0.1 TWh in the year 2000, followed by two decades of no additional growth. From 2001 to 2019, hydroelectric generation remained at zero TWh each year, representing a significant missed opportunity for clean energy development. This historical stagnation underscores the urgent need for strategic investment and development in low-carbon electricity sources to shift towards a more sustainable and resilient energy infrastructure. By learning from and collaborating with successful countries, CAR can break this cycle and ensure a greener future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1995 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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