In 2021, all of Brunei's electricity was generated from fossil fuels, with almost half coming from coal and the remaining half from gas. There was no contribution from low-carbon energy sources such as nuclear, hydro, wind, or solar. The reliance on fossil fuels for electricity production indicates that Brunei has not yet begun the transition to cleaner, more sustainable forms of energy.
To increase its low-carbon electricity generation, Brunei can consider investing in nuclear energy as this has proven to be a successful strategy in many countries. For example, countries like France, Slovakia, and Ukraine generate more than half of their electricity from nuclear energy. Brunei, with its small land area and high energy consumption, would benefit from nuclear power's high energy yield per unit area. Furthermore, the country might also consider implementing wind power, which is a strategy that has worked effectively for Denmark and Ireland, who generate 59% and 34% of their electricity from wind, respectively. Key lessons Brunei can draw from these countries include robust policy support for low-carbon energy and establishing regulations that encourage low-carbon energy investments.
However, the history of low-carbon electricity in Brunei has remained stagnant. The data shows no increase in solar energy usage from 2011 to 2018. For eight consecutive years, there have been no changes in solar electricity generation, implying that solar power as a low-carbon energy resource hadn't gained any traction during this period. This static trend underscores the need for the country to reconsider and diversify its energy sources and invest in the promotion and adoption of low-carbon energy to generate electricity.