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Electricity in Brunei in 2022

Global Ranking: #205
0.0% #205 Low-carbon electricity
1473.77 watts #10 Generation / person
561.17 gCO2eq/kWh #163 Carbon Intensity

As of 2022, Brunei's electricity consumption relies entirely on fossil fuels, with no contribution from low-carbon sources like nuclear, wind, or solar energy. Specifically, gas comprises more than three-quarters (78%) of the electricity generated, while coal accounts for just over a fifth (21%) of the total. This complete dependence on fossil fuels not only makes Brunei vulnerable to fuel price fluctuations but also contributes significantly to climate change and air pollution, which are substantial environmental challenges.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Brunei can look at successful models from other countries. For instance, France and Slovakia generate more than 60% of their electricity from nuclear power, demonstrating the potential for nuclear energy to drastically reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Similarly, Uruguay and Denmark have harnessed wind power to generate 35% and over half (53%) of their electricity, respectively. By investing in these sustainable technologies, Brunei can diversify its energy mix and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, aligning its trajectory with international best practices and enhancing its energy security.


Historically, Brunei has made close to no progress in generating low-carbon electricity; from 2011 through 2018, there was no recorded change in solar electricity generation, indicating stagnation in this area. This lack of development contrasts sharply with the rapid advancements and investments seen in many other parts of the world. Moving forward, a first step would be to initiate efforts in solar and other clean energy projects to create a more balanced and sustainable electricity generation portfolio. This can position Brunei to better compete globally and mitigate its environmental impact.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1989 the data source is EIA.
For the years 1990 to 1999 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2000 to 2010 the data source is Ember.
For the years 2011 to 2018 the data source is IEA.
For the years 2019 to 2022 the data source is Ember.
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