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Electricity in Greenland in 2022

Global Ranking: #8
76.8% #32 Low-carbon electricity
1136.16 watts #18 Generation / person
170.48 gCO2eq/kWh #35 Carbon Intensity

As of 2022, Greenland's electricity consumption predominantly comes from low-carbon sources, with more than three-quarters (about 77%) generated by hydropower. The remaining nearly a quarter (around 23%) depends on fossil fuels. This reliance on hydropower significantly reduces carbon emissions and supports a cleaner environment. However, there is still some dependency on fossil fuels that contributes to climate change and air pollution. Overall, Greenland is already on a good path towards a sustainable electricity system, but further improvements can be made to eliminate the lingering dependency on fossil sources.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Greenland can look to successful examples from other countries. For instance, Denmark generates over half of its electricity from wind power, a source that could be harnessed by Greenland given its geographic similarities and abundant wind resources. While nuclear energy is less established in Greenland, it's worth noting that countries like France and Slovakia have more than 60% of their electricity from nuclear power, showcasing its potential for providing a stable and substantial low-carbon electricity supply. Additionally, countries including Spain and Greece have successfully integrated solar power, which accounts for about 17% and 20% of their electricity generation, respectively. Greenland could thus explore a combination of wind and potentially even solar power to diversify its clean energy mix further.


Reviewing the historical data on low-carbon electricity in Greenland shows a stable but relatively slow growth in hydropower. From 2001 through 2008, there was no change in electricity generation from hydro sources. It wasn't until 2009 that a minor increase of 0.1 TWh was recorded, and another similar increase happened in 2011 and 2020. While this demonstrates a steady maintenance of hydropower resources, it shows limited dynamic growth. A minor decline of 0.1 TWh occurred in 2022. These fluctuations indicate that while hydropower has been a reliable backbone for Greenland's low-carbon electricity, incorporating additional sources like wind or solar could foster a more robust and resilient clean energy future.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

The the data source is Ember.
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