The current state of electricity consumption in Gambia in 2021 shows a concerning trend. As the data suggests, the consumption level is well below the global average of 410 watts per person. The country heavily relies on fossil fuels for its electricity production, which yields a high carbon footprint and is not a sustainable solution for the future. Notably, the share of low-carbon energy sources in Gambia's electricity mix is close to none, which is alarming considering the urgent need to transition to clean energy to mitigate climate change impacts. The low level of electricity generation could indeed hinder the country's development, as energy is critical to many sectors including industry, healthcare, and education.
To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Gambia can take cues from countries that have successfully integrated a significant share of clean energy into their electricity mix. For instance, wind power has allowed the People's Republic of China and the United States to generate a combined total of over 1300 TWh of electricity. Gambia, having a similar geographical profile to Brazil and India, can also harness wind and solar power. These countries have successfully integrated wind and solar power and have generated 94 TWh and 119 TWh respectively in 2021. Investments in these clean energy technologies, together with policy interventions that encourage their adoption, could significantly improve Gambia's energy outlook.
The history of low-carbon electricity generation in Gambia has seen a negligible growth over the years. The data available does not indicate any substantial increase in the generation of electricity from low-carbon sources such as wind, solar, or nuclear energy. It is evident that Gambia has faced significant challenges in shifting from fossil fuels to clean energy. In light of the urgent need for climate action and the benefits of low-carbon energy sources, it is more important than ever for Gambia to learn from trailblazing countries and invest in clean energy technologies. A strong commitment to transitioning from fossil fuels can set Gambia on the path to a sustainable and resilient energy future.