In the British Virgin Islands, as of the data from 2021, all electricity consumption is fueled by fossil energy. This means that the archipelago currently relies entirely on this type of energy, which is often associated with high carbon emissions. The region makes no usage of low-carbon energy sources such as nuclear, wind, or solar, contributing significantly to its carbon footprint.
The British Virgin Islands can take inspiration from countries that have successfully harvested low-carbon energy for their electricity needs. Like the British Virgin Islands, Denmark is a maritime nation, albeit a much larger one, but with a high penetration of wind energy, generating 59% of their electricity from this clean source. Smaller nations like Uruguay and Cape Verde have also integrated wind power substantially into their grid, contributing to 41% and 13% of their power generation respectively. On the solar front, several countries in climatically diverse regions, including Yemen, Cyprus, and Jordan have successfully harnessed solar power, accounting for more than 15% of their electricity.
The provided data does not include a history of low-carbon electricity in the British Virgin Islands. Given the data from 2021, it can be inferred that the Islands have yet to make a foray into this sector. The adoption of low-carbon technologies on the Islands is therefore a newer discussion, and likely an imperative one considering the prevalent global shift towards cleaner, more sustainable energy sources. Recent events and global trends are likely compelling a consideration of a pathway that reduces reliance on fossil fuels for electricity generation.