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Electricity in Lesotho in 2021

Global Ranking: #125
48.5% #71 Low-carbon electricity
51.54 watts #171 Generation / person
228.80 gCO2eq/kWh #49 Carbon Intensity

In Lesotho for the year 2021, the state of electricity consumption has been quite low, powered almost entirely through low-carbon energy sources. However, the total electricity generation per capita falls significantly short of the global average of 410 watts per person. This low level of energy production can lead to various socioeconomic impediments, including limited access to modern amenities, slower development of infrastructure, and a more challenging environment for businesses to operate effectively. The emphasis on low-carbon energy resources, though, aligns with global initiatives to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate climate change impacts, demonstrating Lesotho's commitment to environmental sustainability.


Looking at the data, Lesotho could look to enhance its low-carbon electricity generation by emulating the successful strategies of nations with similar geographic features. A look at the global stage reveals that both China and the United States are leading the charge in low-carbon energy production, primarily through wind and nuclear. While these nations have vastly different contexts than Lesotho, there are smaller countries generating substantial low-carbon energy. For instance, South Africa, also an African nation, has shown considerable growth in both solar and wind energy. Adapting some of their practices could provide valuable insights for Lesotho. They might also look at smaller European countries like Denmark, renowned for wind energy production, for tactics and strategies to adopt towards developing a robust wind energy sector.


The history of low-carbon electricity in Lesotho is primarily marked by modest increments in hydroelectric power. At the start of the 21st century, hydroelectric power saw a negligible increase, registering just 0.1 TWh. The trend remained rather stagnant in the following years until a small bump in 2005 further increased hydropower by 0.2 TWh. Post-2005, small and infrequent increases characterized the hydroelectric landscape of Lesotho, accompanied by a notable decline in 2011. Although the country's history of low-carbon electricity generation shows some fluctuation, it has predominantly remained steady with hydroelectric power as the main contributor. This historical data suggests that while Lesotho has taken some steps toward low-carbon electricity progression, there is ample room for growth and diversification of low-carbon energy resources.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the year 1999 the data sources are EIA and Enerdata (imports/exports).
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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