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Electricity in Liberia in 2021

Global Ranking: #151
57.6% #59 Low-carbon electricity
20.22 watts #186 Generation / person
291.49 gCO2eq/kWh #64 Carbon Intensity

Throughout 2021, Liberia's electricity consumption has been significantly lower than the global average. It is believed that the average global electricity consumption is around 410 watts per person, while Liberia's consumption is vastly less. Predominantly, the country's low levels of electricity generation are due to a heavy reliance on fossil fuels, with almost no clean, low-carbon electricity. As a result, a vast majority of the population does not have access to reliable electricity. The impacts of this low level of electricity generation are many and multifaceted. Under-resourced healthcare systems, lack of consistent cold chains for food and medication, minimal nighttime activity, and a lack of technology use in education are just some of the repercussions that have continued to hold back Liberia's progress.


To increase low-carbon electricity generation, Liberia could learn from the practices of successful countries. One way forward may be to harness wind or solar energy, like Brazil and Australia. These countries have seen significant increases in producing electricity from both wind and solar sources. As Liberia has a tropical climate, similar to Brazil, the country could potentially benefit from solar power. Furthermore, countries like the United States and the People's Republic of China also illustrate success in nuclear energy production. Even though the implementation of nuclear energy requires substantial upfront investment, it provides a significant long-term solution for clean electricity provision.


Looking at Liberia's history of low-carbon electricity generation, it becomes clear that the country has mostly relied on hydro power since the 1980s. However, the generation of electricity from this source has remained stagnant for many years, with a slight decline in 1984 that recovered in 1985. Only in the most recent years have there been signs of any substantial increase, with 2020 seeing a growth of 0.5 TWh in hydroelectricity production. However, 2021 has so far seen no further increase in hydro power, emphasizing the need for diversification in low-carbon energy sources.

Electricity Imports and Exports

Balance of Trade

Data Sources

For the years 1980 to 1999 the data source is EIA.
For the years 2000 to 2021 the data source is Ember.
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